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Android创建和使用数据库详细指南2

作者:未知,  来源:网络,  阅读:1208,  发布时间:2014-10-25  【放入收藏夹

清单4显示了完整的DBAdapter.java源代码。

清单4 DBAdapter.java完整源代码

package net.learn2develop.Database;
import android.content.ContentValues;
import android.content.Context;
import android.database.Cursor;
import android.database.SQLException;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper;
import android.util.Log;
public class DBAdapter
{
public static final String KEY_ROWID = "_id";
public static final String KEY_ISBN = "isbn";
public static final String KEY_TITLE = "title";
public static final String KEY_PUBLISHER = "publisher";
private static final String TAG = "DBAdapter";
private static final String DATABASE_NAME = "books";
private static final String DATABASE_TABLE = "titles";
private static final int DATABASE_VERSION = 1;
private static final String DATABASE_CREATE =
"create table titles (_id integer primary key autoincrement, "
+ "isbn text not null, title text not null, "
+ "publisher text not null);";
private final Context context;
private DatabaseHelper DBHelper;
private SQLiteDatabase db;
public DBAdapter(Context ctx)
{
this.context = ctx;
DBHelper = new DatabaseHelper(context);
}
private static class DatabaseHelper extends SQLiteOpenHelper
{
DatabaseHelper(Context context)
{
super(context, DATABASE_NAME, null, DATABASE_VERSION);
}
@Override
public void onCreate(SQLiteDatabase db)
{
db.execSQL(DATABASE_CREATE);
}
@Override
public void onUpgrade(SQLiteDatabase db, int oldVersion,
int newVersion)
{
Log.w(TAG, "Upgrading database from version " + oldVersion
+ " to "
+ newVersion + ", which will destroy all old data");
db.execSQL("DROP TABLE IF EXISTS titles");
onCreate(db);
}
}
//---打开数据库---

public DBAdapter open() throws SQLException
{
db = DBHelper.getWritableDatabase();
return this;
}
//---关闭数据库---

public void close()
{
DBHelper.close();
}
//---向数据库中插入一个标题---

public long insertTitle(String isbn, String title, String publisher)
{
ContentValues initialValues = new ContentValues();
initialValues.put(KEY_ISBN, isbn);
initialValues.put(KEY_TITLE, title);
initialValues.put(KEY_PUBLISHER, publisher);
return db.insert(DATABASE_TABLE, null, initialValues);
}
//---删除一个指定标题---

public boolean deleteTitle(long rowId)
{
return db.delete(DATABASE_TABLE, KEY_ROWID +
"=" + rowId, null) > 0;
}
//---检索所有标题---

public Cursor getAllTitles()
{
return db.query(DATABASE_TABLE, new String[] {
KEY_ROWID,
KEY_ISBN,
KEY_TITLE,
KEY_PUBLISHER},
null,
null,
null,
null,
null);
}
//---检索一个指定标题---

public Cursor getTitle(long rowId) throws SQLException
{
Cursor mCursor =
db.query(true, DATABASE_TABLE, new String[] {
KEY_ROWID,
KEY_ISBN,
KEY_TITLE,
KEY_PUBLISHER
},
KEY_ROWID + "=" + rowId,
null,
null,
null,
null,
null);
if (mCursor != null) {
mCursor.moveToFirst();
}
return mCursor;
}
//---更新一个标题---

public boolean updateTitle(long rowId, String isbn,
String title, String publisher)
{
ContentValues args = new ContentValues();
args.put(KEY_ISBN, isbn);
args.put(KEY_TITLE, title);
args.put(KEY_PUBLISHER, publisher);
return db.update(DATABASE_TABLE, args,
KEY_ROWID + "=" + rowId, null) > 0;
}
}

 

3 使用数据库

现在你已经可以利用创建的辅助类来使用数据库了,在DatabaseActivity.java文件中,创建一个DBAdapter类的实例:

package net.learn2develop.Database;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
public class DatabaseActivity extends Activity {
/** Called when the activity is first created. */
@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.main);
DBAdapter db = new DBAdapter(this);
}
}

4 增加一个标题

如果想在titles表中增加一个标题,可以使用DBAdapter类的insertTitle()方法:

@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.main);
DBAdapter db = new DBAdapter(this);
//---add 2 titles---

db.open();
long id;
id = db.insertTitle(
"0470285818",
"C# 2008 Programmer's Reference",
"Wrox");
id = db.insertTitle(
"047017661X",
"Professional Windows Vista Gadgets Programming",
"Wrox");
db.close();
}

insertTitle()方法返回插入行的ID,如果在添加过程中遇到错误,它就返回-1

TGAS:Android数据库
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